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Реферат The Khabarovsk territory /english/ (WinWord)

CONTENTS
1. Branches of the Economy
1.1 Fuel-Power Complex
1.2 Machine-Building
1.3 Ferrous Metallurgy
1.4 Civil Engineering

2. Transport and Communication
2.1 Railway Transport
2.2 River Transport
2.3 Marine Transport
2.4 Air Transport
2.5 Motor Transport and Roads
2.6 Communication



THE KHABAROVSK TERRITORY



BRANCHES of the ECONOMY

Fuel and Energy Complex
The Territory produces 9,23 billion kWhr of electric power which
covers 95% of the Territory's demand.The rest of the electric power
comes from the Amurskaya Region and the Primorski Territory since
the power system of the Territory is integrated through Power Line
220-500 kW into the Interconnected Power System of the East.
Practically all the industrial centers of the Therritori in its southern and
near-northern parts are connected to the power network of the
Interconnected Power System "Vostok-energo".Only Nikolaevsk heat
electric generation plant operates in an isolated mode. Separate
consumers in the northern areas of the Territory are supplied with
electric power from the out-of-system small diesel power stations.
The installed power of the 109 power station of the Territory are
nearly 2000 MW , 95 % of which belongs to heat-electric generation
plants located in industrial centres.
The largest power stations in the Territory are the Khabarovsk
Heat-Electric Generating Station -3 (HEGS-3) (540 MW), the
Khabarovsk HEGS -1 (462 MW) , Amurskaya HEGS (285 MW) and
Komsomolsk-on-Amur HEGS -1 (275 MW) .
At present the Urgal black coal deposit is developed in the
Territory . The productivity of the Urgal mine amounts to 2,4 mln tons
of coal per year. Because of the specific features of using the coal mined,
and the established practice of fuel supply , 70 % of the Urgal coal
output is supplied to Magadan and Sakhalin Regions . At the same time
up to 7 mln tons of coal from Yakutiya , Transbaikal , Amurskaya and
other regions of Russia are imported annually to the Therritory .
Natural gas for energy needs and ferrous metallurgy of Komso -
molsk-on-Amur industrial region is delivered by gas pipe line from
Sakhalin .
Oil processing industry of the Far-Eastern Economic Region is
concentrated in the Territory and is represented by the Komsomolsk-
on-Amur and Khabarovsk Oil Refineries . These refineries satisfy over
50 % of the Far East demand and run on the oil imported to the Territory
(9,8 mln tons per year) . About 20 % of the oil comes from Sakhalin oil
fields by oil pipe line , while 80 % is delivered by railway from Siberia.
At present time works on implementation of wind energy
development programme are under way in the Territory . This is the
only one in the Far East wind energy assembling base for wind energy
installations of various capacity .




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